High Blood Pressure Symptoms | Causes of Hypertension | Hypertension Medication


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Hypertension Medication

The following types of hypertension medication are available:

ACE inhibitors: Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors prevent the formation of a hormone called angiotensin II, which normally causes blood vessels to narrow.  The ACE inhibitors cause the vessels to relax and blood pressure goes down.

Diuretics: Diuretics are sometimes called water pills because they work in the kidney and flush excess water and sodium from the body, lowering blood pressure.

Beta-blockers: Beta-blockers reduce nerve impulses to the heart and blood vessels. This makes the heart beat slower and with less force. As a result of these drugs, the blood pressure drops and the heart works less hard.

Alpha-blockers: Alpha-blockers reduce nerve impulses to blood vessels, which allows blood to pass more easily, causing the blood pressure to go down.

Angiotensin antagonists: Angiotensin antagonists shield blood vessels from angiotensin II.  As a result, the vessels become wider and blood pressure goes down.

Calcium channel blockers (CCBs): CCBs keep calcium from entering the muscle cells of the heart and blood vessels.  This causes the blood vessels to relax and pressure goes down.

Alpha-beta-blockers: Alpha-beta-blockers work the same way as alpha-blockers but also slow the heartbeat, as beta-blockers do.  As a result of using these drugs, less blood is pumped through the vessels and the blood pressure goes down.

Nervous system inhibitors: Nervous system inhibitors relax blood vessels by controlling nerve impulses, and this causes the blood vessels to become wider and the blood pressure to go down.

Vasodilators: Vasodilators directly open blood vessels by relaxing the muscles in the vessel walls, causing the blood pressure to go down.

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Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of the arteries. 

It is usually agreed amongst medical professionals that somewhere between 110/70 mmHg and 125/80 mmHg is considered to be an average, acceptable blood pressure for an adult person, though someone with naturally low blood pressure may be closer to a range of 100/60 mmHg

There are no hard and fast figures that determine what represents a ‘normal’ blood pressure. Very often doctors and other experts cannot decide between them what an ideal blood pressure range is for an adult.

A blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg is considered to be high, though it becomes nearer to the ‘normal’ as a person grows older. Evidence and research has shown that blood pressure levels do increase with age and this does not necessarily mean there will be serious health problems.

It is important to take steps to keep your blood pressure under control.  The treatment goal is to keep blood pressure below 140/90, or even lower for people with other conditions, such as diabetes and kidney disease.

Adopting healthy lifestyle habits is an essential and effective first step in both preventing and controlling high blood pressure.  However, if lifestyle changes alone are not effective in keeping your pressure controlled, it may be necessary to take blood pressure medications.

To find out if you have hypertension consult your doctor and have a blood pressure test.  The test is quick and painless.

To determine which life style changes and medications are appropriate, consult your doctor.




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